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水利工程监理三控制

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水利工程监理三控制

发布日期:2021-05-27 作者: 点击:

湖北水利水电公司为大家整理如下关于水利工程监理中需要控制的三大方面:

1水利(li)工程监理(li)中的进度控(kong)制

1.1进(jin)度控(kong)制中的问题

进(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)控制中(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)问题(ti)(ti)一直是(shi)水(shui)利(li)工程(cheng)监理的(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)点(dian),它影(ying)响了各项水(shui)指(zhi)标水(shui)利(li)工程(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)很(hen)(hen)多(duo)方面。同时,它将对既定(ding)利(li)益产生(sheng)影(ying)响。就(jiu)目前的(de)(de)(de)(de)情况而言,进(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)控制问题(ti)(ti)表现在以下几个方面:首先,进(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)太慢,必须(xu)重(zhong)复许多(duo)任务,否(fou)则将很(hen)(hen)难达到标准。二,总(zong)体进(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)没(mei)有按照计(ji)划(hua)进(jin)(jin)(jin)行,随着(zhe)投资的(de)(de)(de)(de)增加和各种影(ying)响因素的(de)(de)(de)(de)影(ying)响,进(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)控制中(zhong)出(chu)现了很(hen)(hen)多(duo)问题(ti)(ti),总(zong)体进(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)控制并(bing)不理想。三,水(shui)利(li)工程(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)各个阶段总(zong)是(shi)存在各种问题(ti)(ti),导致工程(cheng)被搁置,造成(cheng)不可(ke)预期的(de)(de)(de)(de)损失。

1.2进度控制措施(shi)

为(wei)了(le)将(jiang)水(shui)利工程(cheng)监(jian)理(li)(li)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)在(zai)理(li)(li)想水(shui)平,必须采(cai)取各种(zhong)有(you)效措施(shi)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)补偿。值得注意的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)是(shi),由(you)于不(bu)(bu)可(ke)避(bi)免的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)自然(ran)因(yin)素的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)影响(xiang),水(shui)利工程(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)不(bu)(bu)能(neng)采(cai)取太多的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)硬性措施(shi)。此时(shi)(shi),如果施(shi)工困难(nan)(nan),将(jiang)直接(jie)导致工程(cheng)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)变慢(man),甚至造成豆(dou)腐工程(cheng)。经(jing)过大量研究(jiu),湖北昌军(jun)认为(wei),水(shui)利工程(cheng)监(jian)理(li)(li)中(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)应由(you)科(ke)学合(he)理(li)(li)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工程(cheng)建设(she)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)表组(zu)成。这是(shi)实(shi)(shi)现进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)先决(jue)条件,但(dan)是(shi)对于计(ji)(ji)划(hua)者来说,要(yao)在(zai)项(xiang)目(mu)实(shi)(shi)施(shi)过程(cheng)中(zhong)提前解决(jue)问(wen)题是(shi)困难(nan)(nan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)。在(zai)项(xiang)目(mu)实(shi)(shi)施(shi)过程(cheng)中(zhong),由(you)于某些(xie)影响(xiang)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)因(yin)素的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)干扰,实(shi)(shi)际(ji)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)和计(ji)(ji)划(hua)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)之间经(jing)常会有(you)偏差。监(jian)理(li)(li)工程(cheng)师应采(cai)取必要(yao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)监(jian)测方法,及时(shi)(shi)发(fa)现偏差原因(yin),并(bing)采(cai)取有(you)效措施(shi)调整实(shi)(shi)际(ji)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)。当执(zhi)行(xing)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)有(you)较大偏差时(shi)(shi),应根据合(he)同原因(yin)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)分析,明确责任,并(bing)采(cai)取措施(shi)。该操作基(ji)本上可(ke)以解决(jue)调度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)中(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)各种(zhong)问(wen)题。另外,为(wei)了(le)能(neng)够更(geng)好地掌握进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du),还必须制(zhi)(zhi)定记(ji)录以促进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)各项(xiang)任务的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)顺利进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)。


湖北水利水电公司


2水利工程监理(li)中的质(zhi)量控制(zhi)

2.1质(zhi)量控制问题

面(mian)对水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)泛滥,质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)问(wen)题(ti)(ti)已成(cheng)为令人担忧的(de)(de)社会(hui)问(wen)题(ti)(ti)。从客(ke)观(guan)的(de)(de)角度来看,质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控(kong)(kong)制问(wen)题(ti)(ti)主要表现在(zai)(zai)以下几个方面(mian):首先,大(da)多数水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)没有(you)根本的(de)(de)质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)问(wen)题(ti)(ti),但(dan)存在(zai)(zai)许多小问(wen)题(ti)(ti)。例如,在(zai)(zai)一些(xie)乡镇的(de)(de)水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)中,几乎每年(nian)都(dou)有(you)资(zi)金用于(yu)翻(fan)新。原因是(shi)在(zai)(zai)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)过(guo)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)中没有(you)注意一些(xie)隐(yin)患,导(dao)致(zhi)(zhi)水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)受到(dao)威(wei)胁。尽管(guan)较小的(de)(de)问(wen)题(ti)(ti)并没有(you)造成(cheng)重大(da)损害,但(dan)仍需要对其(qi)进行(xing)连续修复。其(qi)次,一些(xie)水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)与名称无关(guan),其(qi)实际价值(zhi)不是(shi)很(hen)(hen)大(da)。许多人对水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)经(jing)济价值(zhi)持乐观(guan)态度,因此将水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)作为筹(chou)款手段(duan)不仅会(hui)阻(zu)碍当地(di)的(de)(de)社会(hui)发(fa)展,而且还会(hui)给我国(guo)的(de)(de)水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)行(xing)业带(dai)来负面(mian)影响(xiang)。第三,质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控(kong)(kong)制问(wen)题(ti)(ti)体现在(zai)(zai)不一致(zhi)(zhi)的(de)(de)控(kong)(kong)制标准中。在(zai)(zai)这个阶段(duan),许多水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)没有(you)很(hen)(hen)强的(de)(de)质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)指标。一旦(dan)发(fa)生(sheng)自然灾害,水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)将根本无法停(ting)止,因此造成(cheng)的(de)(de)损失也无法估算(suan)。

2.2质量(liang)控制方法(fa)

根(gen)据我国现(xian)行的水(shui)利工程质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)标(biao)准,今后(hou)应(ying)将监理质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)作为重点,而(er)不是盲目(mu)(mu)采(cai)取(qu)保守措施(shi)。因(yin)此,公司(si)建议未来的质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)工作应(ying)从以下几(ji)个(ge)方面着手:首(shou)先,采(cai)用(yong)多样化的质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)方法(fa)。在(zai)(zai)此阶段(duan),常用(yong)的方法(fa)包(bao)括见证,并排监督,检(jian)查(cha)等。作为一个(ge)关键项(xiang)目(mu)(mu),水(shui)利项(xiang)目(mu)(mu)也应(ying)受到(dao)严密监控(kong),以免出现(xian)容(rong)易出现(xian)质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)(liang)问题的关键部(bu)件(jian)和过程。其次,正(zheng)确分析质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)中(zhong)(zhong)的各种问题,采(cai)取(qu)有(you)效的预防措施(shi),时(shi)刻(ke)保持警惕(ti)。此外,有(you)必要积极加强(qiang)项(xiang)目(mu)(mu)准备后(hou)续检(jian)查(cha)。第三(san),在(zai)(zai)施(shi)工过程中(zhong)(zhong),应(ying)进(jin)(jin)行动态控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)。在(zai)(zai)每个(ge)阶段(duan)之后(hou),都(dou)应(ying)检(jian)查(cha)质(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)(liang),并应(ying)及时(shi)纠正(zheng)问题,以免在(zai)(zai)整体完成后(hou)进(jin)(jin)行检(jian)查(cha),因(yin)为这会影响水(shui)利工程的投入和产出。

综上所述(shu),水(shui)利工程(cheng)监理的每个“三(san)项控制”都(dou)非常(chang)重要(yao)。投资(zi)将(jiang)影(ying)响进(jin)度(du),进(jin)度(du)将(jiang)影(ying)响质量(liang)(liang),质量(liang)(liang)将(jiang)直接影(ying)响经济和社(she)会效益(yi)。水(shui)利项目应该在(zai)连通(tong)性(xing)和质量(liang)(liang)保(bao)证之(zhi)前和之(zhi)后得到(dao)加强,并且必须充分利用投资(zi)。

3总结

从(cong)目前(qian)的(de)情况来看(kan),水利工(gong)(gong)程监(jian)理(li)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)“三(san)项控制”无论(lun)是(shi)从(cong)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)水平上(shang)还是(shi)从(cong)项目指标上(shang)都得到了(le)改善。在今后的(de)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)中(zhong),还必须(xu)对水利工(gong)(gong)程实施最终的(de)“三(san)管齐下”,完善建设体(ti)系和管理(li)计划,消除未(wei)发生的(de)隐患,使水利工(gong)(gong)程取得更大的(de)进展(zhan)。

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