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水利工程监理三控制

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水利工程监理三控制

发布日期:2021-05-27 作者: 点击:

湖北水利水电公司为大家整理如下关于水利工程监理中需要控制的三大方面:

1水利工程监理中的进度控制

1.1进度控(kong)制中(zhong)的问题(ti)

进度控制(zhi)中(zhong)的(de)问题一直(zhi)是(shi)(shi)水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工程(cheng)监理的(de)重(zhong)点,它影响了各项水(shui)指标(biao)水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工程(cheng)的(de)很(hen)多(duo)方面(mian)。同时(shi),它将(jiang)对既(ji)定利(li)(li)(li)益产生(sheng)影响。就目前的(de)情况而言,进度控制(zhi)问题表现在(zai)以(yi)下几个(ge)方面(mian):首(shou)先,进度太(tai)慢(man),必须重(zhong)复许(xu)多(duo)任务(wu),否则将(jiang)很(hen)难达到标(biao)准。二(er),总体(ti)进度没有按(an)照计划进行,随着投资的(de)增加(jia)和各种影响因素的(de)影响,进度控制(zhi)中(zhong)出现了很(hen)多(duo)问题,总体(ti)进度控制(zhi)并不理想。三,水(shui)利(li)(li)(li)工程(cheng)的(de)各个(ge)阶(jie)段总是(shi)(shi)存在(zai)各种问题,导致工程(cheng)被搁置,造(zao)成(cheng)不可预期的(de)损失。

1.2进度控制(zhi)措施

为了将水(shui)利(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)监(jian)(jian)理进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)控(kong)制在(zai)理想水(shui)平,必须(xu)采取各(ge)种有(you)效(xiao)措施(shi)(shi)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)补偿(chang)。值(zhi)得(de)注意的(de)(de)(de)是,由于不(bu)可避免的(de)(de)(de)自然因(yin)素的(de)(de)(de)影(ying)响,水(shui)利(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)控(kong)制不(bu)能采取太(tai)多的(de)(de)(de)硬(ying)性措施(shi)(shi)。此(ci)时(shi)(shi),如果(guo)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)困难(nan),将直(zhi)接导致工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)变慢(man),甚至造成豆腐工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)。经过(guo)大量研究,湖北昌军(jun)认为,水(shui)利(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)监(jian)(jian)理中的(de)(de)(de)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)控(kong)制应由科学合(he)理的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)建设(she)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)表组成。这是实现进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)控(kong)制的(de)(de)(de)先决条(tiao)件,但是对于计(ji)划(hua)者来说,要在(zai)项(xiang)目(mu)实施(shi)(shi)过(guo)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)中提前解(jie)决问题是困难(nan)的(de)(de)(de)。在(zai)项(xiang)目(mu)实施(shi)(shi)过(guo)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)中,由于某些影(ying)响进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)的(de)(de)(de)因(yin)素的(de)(de)(de)干扰,实际进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)和计(ji)划(hua)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)之间经常会有(you)偏差。监(jian)(jian)理工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)师(shi)应采取必要的(de)(de)(de)监(jian)(jian)测方(fang)法,及时(shi)(shi)发现偏差原(yuan)因(yin),并采取有(you)效(xiao)措施(shi)(shi)调(diao)整实际进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)。当(dang)执(zhi)行(xing)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)有(you)较(jiao)大偏差时(shi)(shi),应根(gen)据合(he)同原(yuan)因(yin)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)分析,明确责任(ren),并采取措施(shi)(shi)。该操作基本上(shang)可以解(jie)决调(diao)度(du)控(kong)制中的(de)(de)(de)各(ge)种问题。另外(wai),为了能够更好地掌(zhang)握(wo)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du),还必须(xu)制定(ding)记录以促(cu)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)各(ge)项(xiang)任(ren)务的(de)(de)(de)顺利(li)进(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)。


湖北水利水电公司


2水利工程监理中的质量控制

2.1质量控(kong)制问题

面对水(shui)(shui)利(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)泛(fan)滥,质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)量问(wen)题(ti)已成(cheng)为(wei)令人担忧的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)社会问(wen)题(ti)。从客观(guan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)角度来看,质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)量控(kong)制(zhi)问(wen)题(ti)主(zhu)要(yao)表现在以下几个(ge)(ge)方面:首(shou)先,大多数水(shui)(shui)利(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)没有(you)(you)根(gen)本的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)量问(wen)题(ti),但存在许(xu)多小(xiao)问(wen)题(ti)。例(li)如(ru),在一些乡镇(zhen)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)水(shui)(shui)利(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)中(zhong),几乎每年都有(you)(you)资金用于翻新。原因是在施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过(guo)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)中(zhong)没有(you)(you)注意一些隐(yin)患,导致(zhi)水(shui)(shui)利(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)量受到威胁。尽管较小(xiao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)问(wen)题(ti)并没有(you)(you)造(zao)成(cheng)重大损害,但仍(reng)需(xu)要(yao)对其进行(xing)连续(xu)修复。其次,一些水(shui)(shui)利(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)与(yu)名称无关,其实际价值(zhi)不是很大。许(xu)多人对水(shui)(shui)利(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)经济(ji)价值(zhi)持乐(le)观(guan)态度,因此将水(shui)(shui)利(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)作(zuo)为(wei)筹款手段(duan)(duan)不仅会阻碍当地的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)社会发(fa)展,而且还会给我国(guo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)水(shui)(shui)利(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)行(xing)业带来负面影响。第三,质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)量控(kong)制(zhi)问(wen)题(ti)体现在不一致(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)控(kong)制(zhi)标准中(zhong)。在这个(ge)(ge)阶段(duan)(duan),许(xu)多水(shui)(shui)利(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)没有(you)(you)很强的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)量指标。一旦发(fa)生自然灾害,水(shui)(shui)利(li)(li)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)将根(gen)本无法停止,因此造(zao)成(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)损失(shi)也无法估算。

2.2质量(liang)控制方法(fa)

根据我国(guo)现行(xing)的水利工程质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控制(zhi)(zhi)标准,今(jin)后(hou)应将监(jian)理(li)质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控制(zhi)(zhi)作为重点(dian),而不是盲目(mu)采(cai)取保(bao)守措施。因(yin)此(ci),公司建(jian)议未来(lai)的质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控制(zhi)(zhi)工作应从以(yi)下(xia)几个方(fang)(fang)面着手(shou):首先(xian),采(cai)用多样化的质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控制(zhi)(zhi)方(fang)(fang)法。在此(ci)阶段,常用的方(fang)(fang)法包括见证(zheng),并(bing)排监(jian)督,检(jian)(jian)查(cha)等(deng)。作为一个关键(jian)项目(mu),水利项目(mu)也(ye)应受到严(yan)密监(jian)控,以(yi)免出(chu)现容(rong)易出(chu)现质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)问(wen)题的关键(jian)部件和过程。其次,正(zheng)确分析(xi)质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)控制(zhi)(zhi)中的各种问(wen)题,采(cai)取有(you)效的预防措施,时(shi)刻保(bao)持警惕。此(ci)外,有(you)必要积极加强项目(mu)准备后(hou)续检(jian)(jian)查(cha)。第(di)三,在施工过程中,应进行(xing)动态控制(zhi)(zhi)。在每个阶段之后(hou),都应检(jian)(jian)查(cha)质(zhi)量(liang)(liang),并(bing)应及时(shi)纠(jiu)正(zheng)问(wen)题,以(yi)免在整体(ti)完(wan)成后(hou)进行(xing)检(jian)(jian)查(cha),因(yin)为这会(hui)影(ying)响(xiang)水利工程的投(tou)入和产出(chu)。

综(zong)上(shang)所述,水利(li)(li)(li)工程监(jian)理的每个(ge)“三项(xiang)控(kong)制”都非常(chang)重(zhong)要(yao)。投资将(jiang)影(ying)响(xiang)进度,进度将(jiang)影(ying)响(xiang)质量(liang)(liang),质量(liang)(liang)将(jiang)直接影(ying)响(xiang)经济和社(she)会(hui)效益。水利(li)(li)(li)项(xiang)目应(ying)该在连通性(xing)和质量(liang)(liang)保证(zheng)之(zhi)前和之(zhi)后(hou)得到加(jia)强,并且必须充分利(li)(li)(li)用(yong)投资。

3总(zong)结

从(cong)目前(qian)的情况来看(kan),水(shui)利(li)工程监(jian)理工作的“三项控制(zhi)”无论是从(cong)工作水(shui)平上还是从(cong)项目指标(biao)上都得到了(le)改(gai)善。在今后的工作中(zhong),还必须对水(shui)利(li)工程实施最(zui)终(zhong)的“三管(guan)齐(qi)下”,完(wan)善建设体系(xi)和管(guan)理计划,消除未发生的隐(yin)患,使水(shui)利(li)工程取得更(geng)大的进展。

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